Simulation of Runoff and Sediment Changes in the Minjiang River Basin Under Climate and Land Use Change Scenarios

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    [Objective] Simulating the change of runoff and sediment changes in the watershed under the influence of land use and climate in the future is conducive to making suitable management plans. [Methods] Based on land use and meteorological data, combined with CMIP6 climate model data, PLUS model and SWAT model, the temporal and spatial changes of land use and runoff and sediment under different climate scenarios in 2030 were quantitatively simulated. [Results] (1) The SWAT model exhibited good accuracy in monthly scale in simulation of Minjiang River Basin, in which the R2 and NSE (Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency) ranged from 0.80 to 0.95 and 0.75 to 0.91, respectively. The R2 and NSE ranged from 0.75 to 0.98 and 0.64 to 0.94 respectively. (2) Using the land use data of 2020 to evaluate the accuracy of the PLUS model, the Kappa coefficient was 0.77, and the simulated construction land and cultivated land in the Minjiang River Basin in 2030 would increase by 325.64 km2 and 1 157.51 km2, respectively. (3) Under the SSP2-4.5 and SSP5-8.5 scenarios, the average precipitation in 2025—2035 would increase by 0.15% and 2.18%, and the average annual temperature would increase by 0.23 and 0.62 ℃, respectively. (4) In the low carbon and high carbon scenarios, only land use change led to an increase of 0.08% and 0.07% in annual mean runoff, and an increase of 0.24% and decreased of 0.05% in annual mean sediment transport, respectively, compared with the baseline period. Compared with the baseline period, the mean annual runoff decreased by 4.76% and 4.11%, and the mean annual sediment transport increased by 18.12% and 0.13%, respectively. The combined effects of land use and climate resulted in a decrease of 4.57% and 3.93% in annual average runoff and an increase of 18.28% and 0.33% in annual average sediment transport compared with the base period, respectively. (5) Under the scenario of future climate and land use comprehensive change, the areas with higher and larger increase in surface runoff and sediment yield were concentrated in the northwestern of the basin centered on Shaowu City in Nanping and the southwest of the basin centered on Jiangle County in Sanming. [Conclusion] These research results provide some reference for the reasonable development and construction of Minjiang River basin in the future.

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  • Received:September 28,2023
  • Revised:October 25,2023
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  • Online: May 20,2024
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