Effect of Rock Strata Dip on Soil Detachment Capacity of Different Land Use Types in karst Trough Valley Area
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Chongqing Normal University

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    Abstract:

    Abstract: [Objective] This study aims to explore the influence mechanism of rock strata dip on soil erodibility in karst gorge areas, and provide reference for preventing and controlling water and soil erosion in karst trough valley area. [Methods] The study focuses on the dip/anti-dip slope of Qingmuguan karst trough valley area in Chongqing City. Through flume erosion experiments, we analyze the differences in soil erodibility between different land use types on dip/anti-dip slopes, and investigate the impact of soil physicochemical properties on soil erodibility.[Results] (1) Both dip/anti-dip slopes shows a significant negative correlation with organic matter content, >0.25 mm water-stable aggregates content, and total nitrogen content (P<0.05). In particular, anti-dip slope have higher organic matter content, >0.25 mm water-stable aggregates content, and total nitrogen compared to dip slope. (2) Soil erodibility is higher on dip slope than anti-dip slope for all four land use types studied. Additionally, grassland has lower comprehensive scores of soil erodibility than pepper fields, cornfields, and bare land on both dip/anti-dip slopes. (3) Based on stepwise multiple regression analysis results, prediction models for soil erodibility on dip/anti-dip slopes were established using organic matter content and >0.25 mm water-stable aggregates content as predictors with determination coefficients R2 of 0.77 and 0.85 respectively.[Conclusion] In summary, grassland has the lowest soil erodibility among all land use types studied regardless of dip/anti-dip slopes in karst trough valley. Therefore, in order to prevent soil erosion and promote ecological restoration in karst trough valley, it is necessary to cultivate the land reasonably and increase grassland coverage appropriately, thus enhancing the soil''s resistance against erosion.

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History
  • Received:December 08,2023
  • Revised:January 10,2024
  • Adopted:January 11,2024
  • Online: April 29,2024
  • Published: