氮磷添加对常绿阔叶林土壤团聚体
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S153.6

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国家自然科学基金项目(31930070,32171759,32201533)


Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Additions on Aggregate-associated Soil Carbon and Interactions with Phosphorus Fractions in Evergreen Broad-leaved Forest
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    摘要:

    [目的] 为探究磷输入如何调节大气氮沉降对土壤团聚体有机碳含量及碳与磷关系的影响。[方法] 在常绿阔叶林土壤建立长达6年(2015—2021年)的养分添加长期监测试验平台,包括4个处理:对照[P0+N0,P0 kg/(hm2·a)+N0 kg/(hm2·a)]、氮添加[P0+N100,P0 kg/(hm2·a)+N100 kg/(hm2·a)]、磷输入[P50+N0,P50 kg/(hm2·a)+N0 kg/(hm2·a)]以及氮磷同时输入[P50+N100,P50 kg/(hm2·a)+N100 kg/(hm2·a)],各处理设3次重复,共计12个样地。于2021年8月采集样地0—10 cm土层土壤样品,测定基础理化性质、土壤粒径分布规律、不同粒径土壤团聚体磷组分及有机碳(SOC)含量。[结果] (1) P0处理下,氮添加显著增加大团聚体占比,减少黏粒和粉粒含量,提高各团聚体粒径中SOC含量;氮添加分别显著降低和增加团聚体黏粒、粉粒中易分解态磷组分(LP)和难分解态磷组分(RP)含量。(2) P50处理下,氮添加显著提高土壤团聚体平均几何直径(GMD),对各粒径团聚体中磷组分和SOC含量均无显著影响。(3) P0处理下,土壤团聚体SOC与难分解态磷呈正相关关系;P50处理下,土壤团聚体SOC与各功能磷组分无显著相关。由此推断,P0处理下,氮添加通过提高常绿阔叶林土壤团聚体黏粒、粉粒径中难分解态磷而增加土壤有机碳的固持;P50处理下,氮添加对各粒径中有机碳的影响可能受到生物因素的调节,与磷的有效性无关。[结论] 氮沉降对常绿阔叶林土壤团聚体中碳磷内在关系的影响受到磷的调控,研究结果为森林土壤碳循环应对全球气候变化提供数据支撑。

    Abstract:

    [Objective] To explore how phosphorus input regulates the effects of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on soil aggregate organic carbon content and the relationship between carbon and phosphorus. [Methods] A long-term monitoring test platform for nutrient addition was established in evergreen broad-leaved forest soil for 6 years (2015—2021), including 4 treatments: Control [P0+N0, P 0 kg/(hm2·a)+N 0 kg/(hm2·a)], nitrogen addition [P0+N100, P 0 kg/(hm2·a)+N 100 kg/(hm2·a)], phosphorus input [P50+N0, P 50 kg/(hm2·a)+N 0 kg/(hm2·a)] and nitrogen and phosphorus were simultaneously input (P50+N100, P 50 kg/(hm2·a)+N 100 kg/(hm2·a)\], and each treatment was repeated 3 times, and a total of 12 plots were obtained. 0—10 cm soil samples were collected from the sample site in August 2021 to determine the basic physical and chemical properties, soil particle size distribution, phosphorus components of soil aggregates of different particle sizes, and organic carbon (SOC) content. [Results] (1) Under P0 treatment, nitrogen addition significantly increased the proportion of large aggregates, decreased the clay and powder contents, and increased the SOC content in each aggregate particle size. Nitrogen addition significantly decreased and increased the content of labile phosphorus (LP) and residual phosphorus (RP) in aggregate clay and powder, respectively. (2) Under P50 treatment, nitrogen addition significantly increased the geometric mean diameter (GMD) of soil aggregates, but had no significant effects on phosphorus components and SOC contents in aggregates of different particle sizes. (3) Under P0 treatment, soil aggregate SOC was positively correlated with refractory phosphorus. There was no significant correlation between SOC of soil aggregates and functional phosphorus components under P50 treatment. It was concluded that under P0 treatment, nitrogen addition could increase soil organic carbon retention by increasing the refractory phosphorus in soil aggregate clay and powder particle size of evergreen broad-leaved forest. Under P50 treatment, the effect of nitrogen addition on organic carbon in each particle size may be regulated by biological factors and has nothing to do with the availability of phosphorus. [Conclusion] The effect of nitrogen deposition on the internal relationship of carbon and phosphorus in soil aggregates in evergreen broad-leaved forests was regulated by phosphorus. The results of this study provide data supported for forest soil carbon cycling in response to global climate change.

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贺凌云,陈伏生,郑志宇,刘俏,王晟楠,王方超.氮磷添加对常绿阔叶林土壤团聚体[J].水土保持学报,2024,38(2):377~386

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  • 收稿日期:2023-08-23
  • 最后修改日期:2023-10-09
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  • 在线发布日期: 2024-05-20
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