黄河流域近40年土地利用/覆被时空变化特征
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Q149

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国家自然科学基金项目(U2243203,42041005);国家重点研发计划项目(2023YFC3006701)


Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Land Use/Cover Changes in the Yellow River Basin Over the Past 40 Years
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    摘要:

    [目的] 研究土地利用/覆被时空变化特征对于黄河流域土地资源保护与合理开发具有重要意义,可为黄河流域生态保护与高质量发展战略实施提供重要参考。[方法] 基于黄河流域1980—2021逐年土地利用/覆被数据,采用Mann-Kendall和滑动t检验、地学信息图谱、标准差椭圆和重心迁移模型等方法,探究近40年黄河流域土地利用/覆被变化特征。[结果] (1)1980—2021年林地、灌丛、水域、建设用地显著增加,耕地、草地、湿地显著减少。(2)流域土地利用/覆被变化时段可划分为1980—1992年,1993—2001年,2002—2012年,2013—2021年,数量结构逐渐呈现快速变化特点,建设用地、湿地和水域变化敏感。土地利用结构均衡度逐渐增强,呈现的阶段性变化与实施的重大战略措施关联性高,并与划分的阶段较符合。(3)流域中上游以2012—2021年和间歇变化型、耕地和草地的相互转换为主,下游以2001—2012年和2012—2021年变化型、耕地转为建设用地和草地为主。流域内宁夏北部、内蒙古东部及部分沿黄河水系分布的地区变化频繁。(4)湿地、水域和建设用地的重心向西迁移,分别呈现向西南集中分布、向东分散、向西北集中分布态势。[结论] 土地利用结构在政策导向下总体趋势变好,未来应重点关注湿地以及土地利用变化频繁的地区。

    Abstract:

    [Objective] The study on the spatial-temporal change characteristics of land use/cover is of great significance for the protection and rational development of land resources in the Yellow River Basin, and can provide an important reference for the implementation of ecological protection and high-quality development strategy in the Yellow River Basin. [Methods] Based on the annual land use/cover data of the Yellow River Basin from 1980 to 2021, the characteristics of land use/cover change in the Yellow River Basin in recent 40 years were investigated by using Mann-Kendall and sliding t-test, geographic information TUPU standard deviation ellipse and gravity shift model. [Results] (1) From 1980 to 2021, forest land, shrub, water area, and construction land increased significantly, while the cultivated land, grassland, and wetland decreased significantly. (2) The periods of land use/cover change in the basin can be divided into 1980—1992, 1993—2001, 2002—2012, and 2013—2021, and the quantitative structure gradually presented by rapid changes, and the changes of construction land, wetland and water area were sensitive. The balance of land-use structure was gradually increased, and the stage changes showed a high correlation with the implementation of major strategic measures, and more consistent with the divided stage. (3) In the middle and upper reaches of the basin, the main changes were from 2012 to 2021 and intermittent changes, and the main changes were from 2001 to 2012 and from 2012 to 2021, and the main changes were from 2001 to 2012 and from 2012 to 2021, and the main changes were from arable land to construction land and grassland. The basin changed frequently in northern Ningxia, eastern inner Mongolia and some areas along the Yellow River system. (4) The centers of gravity of wetland, water and construction land moved westward, showing concentrated distribution to the southwest, east and northwest, respectively. [Conclusion] The overall trend of land use structure becomed better under the guidance of policies. In the future, we should pay more attention to wetlands and areas with frequent land use changes.

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廖美玉,方秀琴,蒋心远,朱求安,金佳鑫,任立良,颜亦琪.黄河流域近40年土地利用/覆被时空变化特征[J].水土保持学报,2024,38(2):165~177,189

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  • 收稿日期:2023-09-07
  • 最后修改日期:2023-10-23
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  • 在线发布日期: 2024-05-20
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