文章摘要
白玉锋, 孙静, 李秀军, 陈国双, 李晓宇, 鲁新蕊, 文波龙, 张继涛.松嫩平原西部典型盐生景观土壤分形维数及盐碱化特征[J].水土保持学报,2021,35(3):163~169
松嫩平原西部典型盐生景观土壤分形维数及盐碱化特征
Fractal Dimension and Salinization Characteristics of Typical Halophytic Landscape Soil in Western Songnen Plain
投稿时间:2020-12-11  
DOI:10.13870/j.cnki.stbcxb.2021.03.023
中文关键词: 分形维数  颗粒组成  苏打碱土  碱化度  松嫩平原西部
英文关键词: fractal dimension  particle composition  soda alkaline soil  alkalinity  Western Songnen Plain
基金项目:中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA23070503);国家自然科学基金项目(41771550,41877124,41971140);吉林省优秀青年人才基金项目(20180520097JH)
作者单位E-mail
白玉锋1,2, 孙静1,2, 李秀军2, 陈国双2, 李晓宇2, 鲁新蕊2, 文波龙2, 张继涛2 1. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049

2. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所
, 长春 130102 
lixiujun@iga.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为探究松嫩平原西部典型盐生景观土壤颗粒粒度组成及分形特征与土壤盐碱化之间的关系,采用体积分形维数模型计算了6种典型盐生景观土壤表层0—30 cm颗粒组成及分形维数,结合相关分析法分析了土壤分形维数与质地、盐碱特征之间的相关性。结果表明:(1)6种典型盐生景观中农田土壤分形维数值最小(2.35),碱蓬群落土壤最大(2.61),分形维数均值为2.48,分形维数随盐生景观土壤碱化程度增加而增大。(2)土壤质地越粗,砂粒含量越高,分形维数值越小;土壤质地越细,黏粒和粉粒含量越高,分形维数越大。(3)分形维数与盐分含量呈显著正相关(r=0.87,P<0.05),尤其与盐分组成中HCO3-含量呈极显著正相关(r=0.89,P<0.01),与养分中总磷含量呈极显著正相关(r=0.90,P<0.01)。(4)土壤颗粒组成中砂粒、粉粒和黏粒与盐分、HCO3-及总磷含量也存在极显著相关性。不同盐生景观土壤分形维数与土壤颗粒组成和土壤盐分之间存在显著的相关性,因此可以用分形维数来反映土壤质地和指示土壤盐碱化特征。
英文摘要:
      The objective of this study was to explore the correlation between characteristics of fractal dimension and soil texture and alkalinity of typical halophytic landscape in the Western Songnen Plain, China. A volume-based fractal model was adopted to calculate the particle-size composition and fractal dimension of the 0-30 cm soil of six typical halophytic landscapes, and the relationships among soil fractal dimension and texture, alkalinity characteristics were analyzed by correlation analysis. The results showed that:(1) Among the six typical halophytic landscapes, the fractal dimension of farmland soil was the smallest (2.35), and that of Artemisia suaeda community soil was the largest (2.61), and the average fractal dimension was 2.48. The fractal dimension increased with the increasing of alkalization degree of halophytic landscape soil. (2) The coarser the soil texture was, the higher the sand content was, and the smaller the fractal dimension value was. The finer the soil texture was, the higher the content of clay and silt was, and the larger the fractal dimension was. (3) Fractal dimension was significantly positively correlated with salt content (r=0.87, P<0.05), especially with HCO3- content in salt composition (r=0.89, P<0.01) and total phosphorus content in nutrients (r=0.90, P<0.01). (4) There were also significant correlations among particle-size composition, salt content, HCO3- content and total phosphorus. The fractal dimension of different halophytic landscape soils were significantly correlated with soil particle size composition and soil salinity, so the fractal dimensions could be used to reflect soil texture and indicate soil salinization features.
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