文章摘要
宋彬, 孙茹茹, 梁宏旭, 胡玥, 彭湃, 佘雕.添加木质素和生物炭对土壤氮、磷养分及水分损失的影响[J].水土保持学报,2019,33(6):227~232,241
添加木质素和生物炭对土壤氮、磷养分及水分损失的影响
Effects of Lignin and Biochar Addition on Soil Nitrogen and Phosphorus Nutrients and Water Loss
投稿时间:2019-04-25  
DOI:10.13870/j.cnki.stbcxb.2019.06.032
中文关键词: 木质素  生物炭  淋溶  氨挥发
英文关键词: lignin  biochar  leaching  ammonia volatilization
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目"黄土高原水土流失综合治理技术及示范"第二课题:黄土梁状丘陵区林草植被体系结构化及杏产业关键技术与示范(2016YFC051702);国家自然科学基金项目"木质素基缓释氮肥曼尼希合成机理及氮素释放规律研究"(31772390)
作者单位E-mail
宋彬1, 孙茹茹1, 梁宏旭1, 胡玥1, 彭湃2, 佘雕3 1. 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 陕西 杨凌 712100

2. 西北农林科技大学林学院
, 陕西 杨凌 712100

3. 西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
, 陕西 杨凌 712100 
diaoshe888@163.com 
摘要点击次数: 379
全文下载次数: 271
中文摘要:
      研究添加木质素和生物炭对土壤氮、磷养分及水分损失的影响,降低土壤改良剂使用成本,增加造纸黑液中木质素的利用途径,促进木质素在土壤改良中的应用。试验选取生物炭改良剂与木质素作为对比,通过土柱淋溶和静态吸收法,研究不同添加量(质量分数为0,1%,2%,4%)的木质素和生物炭对土壤氮磷养分、水分、脲酶活性以及pH的影响。土壤中添加木质素和生物炭均能减缓pH变化程度;抑制土壤脲酶的活性,且在添加氮肥后的1~20天抑制效果明显,其抑制效果与添加量呈正相关。添加量为1%,2%,4%的木质素和生物炭与对照组相比,铵态氮挥发量分别显著减少8.29%,14.29%,14.86%和3.79%,11.65%,15.26%;全氮淋溶量分别显著减少32.37%,37.70%,42.49%和25.43%,30.70%,39.54%;全磷淋溶量分别显著减少23.68%,40.48%,48.12%和6.97%,22.88%,35.30%;水分淋溶量分别显著减少7.71%,15.82%,9.29%和9.91%,15.00%,16.06%。在本试验中,木质素、生物炭质量分数分别为2%和4%时对降低土壤氮、磷养分和水分损失的效果最佳。因此,可以说明木质素和生物炭在水肥保持上的效果相近,在一定程度上可以替代生物炭改良剂在土壤中的应用。
英文摘要:
      The effects of lignin and biochar addition on soil nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) nutrients and water loss were researched in order to reduce the cost of soil amendment, increase the utilization of lignin that came from papermaking black liquor, and promote the application of lignin in soil amendments. The biochar amendment and lignin were selected as the comparison in this study. The effects of lignin and biochar with different additions (0, 1%, 2%, and 4% respectively in the mass fraction) on N, P, water loss, urease activity and pH value in soil were studied by the soil column simulation method and static absorption method. Both addition of lignin and biochar in soil could alleviate the changes of pH value and could inhibite the activity of urease. The inhibition effect was obvious after adding N fertilizer 1~20 days when the inhibition rate was positively correlated with the addition amount. Compared with the CK, the amount of lignin and biochar added with 1%, 2% and 4% could significantly reduce the volatilizing amount of ammonium N by 8.29%, 14.29%, 14.86% and 3.79%, 11.65%, 15.26%, respectively. Total N leaching amount was significantly reduced by 32.37%, 37.70%, 42.49% and 25.43%, 30.70%, 39.54%, respectively. Total P leaching amount was significantly reduced by 23.68%, 40.48%, 48.12% and 6.97%, 22.88%, 35.30%, respectively. The water loss was significantly reduced by 7.71%, 15.82%, 9.29% and 9.91%, 15.00%, 16.06%, respectively. In this experiment, the best mass fraction of lignin and biochar was 2% and 4% respectively when the inhibition effect on soil N, P nutrients and water loss was the best. Therefore, it could be found that lignin could replace biochar amendment in soil to some extent for the similar function of water and fertilizer conservation and similar effect on inhibiting urease activity to biochar.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭