文章摘要
任青青, 严友进, 甘艺贤, 伏文兵, 戴全厚, 高儒学, 兰雪.短历时强降雨对典型喀斯特坡耕地侵蚀产沙的影响[J].水土保持学报,2019,33(6):105~112
短历时强降雨对典型喀斯特坡耕地侵蚀产沙的影响
Effects of Short-Duration High-Intensity Rainfall on Erosion and Sediment Yield of Typical Karst Slope Farmland
投稿时间:2019-05-21  
DOI:10.13870/j.cnki.stbcxb.2019.06.015
中文关键词: 短历时强降雨  喀斯特  坡耕地  降雨强度  侵蚀产沙
英文关键词: short-duration high-intensity rainfall  karst  slope farmland  rainfall intensity  erosion and sediment yield
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41671275);国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0502604);贵州省高层次创新型人才项目(黔科合平台人才[2018]5641);贵州省重大专项(黔科合重大专项字[2016]3022号);贵州省科技计划项目(黔科合平台人才[2017]5788);贵州省一流学科建设项目(GNYL[2017]007);贵州省联合基金项目(黔科合重大专项字[2014]7060号)
作者单位E-mail
任青青1, 严友进1, 甘艺贤5, 伏文兵6, 戴全厚1,2,3,4, 高儒学1, 兰雪1,7 1. 贵州大学林学院, 贵阳 550025

2. 农业生物工程研究院
, 贵阳 550025

3. 山地植物资源保护与种质创新教育部重点实验室
, 贵阳 550025

4. 山地生态与农业生物工程协同创新中心
, 贵阳 550025

5. 水城县森林公安局现场勘验中心
, 贵州 六盘水 553000

6. 贵州华保环境技术咨询有限公司
, 贵阳 550025

7. 贵州师范大学地球与环境科学学院
, 贵阳 550025 
qhdairiver@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      探索短历时强降雨对典型喀斯特坡耕地侵蚀产沙的影响,为喀斯特区坡耕地应对极端天气的水土流失防治提供理论依据。研究采用人工室内模拟降雨试验的方法,对喀斯特坡耕地侵蚀产沙特征在短历时强降雨作用下的影响因素开展研究。结果表明:(1)短历时强降雨导致喀斯特坡耕地地表输沙模数和产沙量随降雨强度的增大而增大,而地下输沙模数和产沙量与降雨强度无明显变化规律,坡耕地土壤侵蚀以地表为主。地表产沙临界雨强为30~50 mm/h。(2)坡度增大时地表产沙比重大于地下产沙比重,地表土壤侵蚀以地表为主。产沙比重发生转折的坡度值为15°~20°。70 mm/h降雨强度和5°坡度下,降雨强度对地下土壤侵蚀可能存在"负效应"。(3)喀斯特坡耕地侵蚀产沙特征与降雨强度和坡度密切相关,但降雨强度因子起主导作用。强降雨主要影响地表土壤侵蚀,因此,对喀斯特坡耕地土壤侵蚀治理应以地表为主。研究结果有助于深入了解短历时强降雨对喀斯特坡耕地土壤侵蚀的影响,为对喀斯特坡耕地应对极端天气和水土流失防治以及维持生态环境健康持续发展提供理论依据。
英文摘要:
      This study explored the impact of the short-duration high-intensity rainfall on the erosion and sediment yield of typical karst slope farmland. The results would provide theoretical basis for the monitoring and preventing of extreme weather and soil erosion in slope farmland of karst area. The artificial indoor simulated rainfall experiment was conducted to study the erosion and sediment yield characteristics of karst slope farmland under the short-duration high-intensity rainfall. Results showed that:(1) Under the short-duration high-intensity rainfall, the surface sediment transport modulus and sediment yield of karst slope farmland increased with the increase of rainfall intensities, but there was no obvious change in the under-ground sediment transport modulus and sediment yield. The soil erosion of slope farmland was dominated by the surface, and the critical rainfall intensities of surface sediment yield were between 30~50 mm/h. (2) The proportion of surface sediment yield was greater than the underground when slope increased, and soil erosion was dominated by the surface. The transition slope of sediment yield was between 15°~20°. At 70 mm/h rainfall intensity and 5° slope, rainfall intensity might have a "negative effect" on underground soil erosion. (3) The characteristics of erosion and sediment yield on karst slope farmland were closely related to rainfall intensities and slope, but the rainfall intensity factor played the leading role. High-intensity rainfall mainly affected surface soil erosion. Therefore, the soil erosion control of karst slopes farmland should be dominated by the surface. This study is helpful to understand the impact of short-duration high-intensity rainfall on soil erosion of karst slope farmland, and to provide theoretical basis for coping with the extreme weather, controlling soil erosion, maintaining the healthy and sustainable development of the ecological environment in karst slope farmland.
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