文章摘要
蒋芳市, 张海东, 陈培松, 林嘉辉, 林金石, 施悦忠, 许永明, 黄炎和.土石混合崩积体坡面细沟跌坑发育试验研究[J].水土保持学报,2019,33(6):27~33
土石混合崩积体坡面细沟跌坑发育试验研究
Experimental Study on the Drop Pit Development of Rill Erosion on Soil-rock Mixed Colluvial Deposit Slopes
投稿时间:2019-08-20  
DOI:10.13870/j.cnki.stbcxb.2019.06.004
中文关键词: 崩岗  崩积体  砾石  细沟侵蚀  跌坑  水动力学
英文关键词: benggang  colluvial deposit  gravel  rill erosion  drop pit  hydrodynamics
基金项目:福建省自然科学基金项目(2017J01459);国家自然科学基金项目(41977071)
作者单位E-mail
蒋芳市1, 张海东1, 陈培松1, 林嘉辉1, 林金石1, 施悦忠2, 许永明2, 黄炎和1 1. 福建农林大学资源与环境学院, 福州 350002

2. 安溪县水土保持委员会办公室
, 福建 安溪 362000 
yanhehuang@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      为了探究土石混合崩积体坡面细沟跌坑发育情况,采用室内放水冲刷试验,通过设置4个流量(2,4,8,12 L/min)和4种砾石含量的土石混合崩积物(砾石质量比例0,10%,30%,50%),研究不同条件下细沟跌坑的发育特征。结果表明:在不同冲刷时段,跌坑数量变化为3~17个,跌坑平均深度为1.10~5.93 cm,细沟纵断面形态系数为2.97~19.97。各跌坑参数随冲刷时间的延长总体呈增大趋势,部分坡面在5 min或7.5 min时出现最大值;跌坑参数随流量的增加总体呈先增大后减小趋势,8 L/min流量条件下出现最大值,而随着砾石含量增加总体呈增大趋势;流量对跌坑发育的影响大于砾石含量。各跌坑参数与流速、阻力系数及曼宁粗度系数密切相关,径流剪切力是描述跌坑发育的最适合水动力学指标,可用线性函数表达。
英文摘要:
      In order to explore the drop pit development on soil-rock mixed colluvial deposit slopes, a scouring test was conducted in laboratory. Four soil-rock mixed colluviums (0, 10%, 30%, 50% gravel in mass ratio) under different flow discharges (2, 4, 8, 12 L/min) were tested.The results were as followed:the number of drop pit varied from 3 to 17, the average depth of drop pit was between 1.10 to 5.93 cm, and the profile form indices were between 2.97 and 19.97. The number of drop pit, the depth of drop pit, and the profile form indices all showed the increasing trend overall with the increase of scouring duration, whereas the maximum value appeared in some slopes at 5 min or 7.5 min. All drop pit parameters first increased and then decreased with the increase of flow discharge as a whole, and the maximum value appeared under the discharge of 8 L/min. The number of drop pit, the depth of drop pit, and the profile form indices increased with the increase of gravel content.The influence of flow discharge on the all parameters of drop pit was greater than those of gravel contents. Drop pit parameters were significantly correlated with flow velocity,resistance coefficient and Manning roughness coefficient. Shear stress was the best hydrodynamic parameter to describe the development of drop pit development as a linear function.
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