文章摘要
刘晓娟, 程滨, 赵瑞芬, 滑小赞, 王森, 王钊, 任哲斌.硒对铬胁迫下茄子生理特性及铬吸收的影响[J].水土保持学报,2019,33(4):357~363
硒对铬胁迫下茄子生理特性及铬吸收的影响
Effects of Selenium on the Physiological Characteristics and Chromium Uptake of Eggplant Under Chromium Stress
投稿时间:2019-03-05  
DOI:10.13870/j.cnki.stbcxb.2019.04.050
中文关键词: 铬胁迫    茄子  铬吸收  生理特性
英文关键词: Cr stress  Se  eggplant  Cr uptake  physiological characteristics
基金项目:山西省重点研发计划重点项目"主要农业生态区域农业面源污染关键技术研究与集成示范"(201603D21110-1-2);山西省青年科技研究基金项目"太原市菜地土壤和蔬菜重金属现状调查及其健康风险评估"(201601D202071);山西省重点研发计划(社会发展领域)项目"污灌农田土壤重金属cd迁移转化规律及其机理研究"(201803D31209-1)
作者单位E-mail
刘晓娟1, 程滨1,2, 赵瑞芬2, 滑小赞2, 王森2, 王钊2, 任哲斌1,3 1. 山西大学生物工程学院, 太原 030006

2. 山西省农业科学院农业环境与资源研究所
, 太原 030031

3. 山西省农业科学院果树研究所
, 太原 030031 
chengbin0709@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      为探讨硒对茄子中铬胁迫的缓解作用,采用土培盆栽方式,研究了不同铬胁迫水平下,施加不同浓度的硒对茄子生长、生理特性及铬吸收的影响。结果表明,随着铬浓度增加,单一铬处理植株生长明显受到抑制,铬毒害表现为株高、根长、根、茎、叶干重及叶绿素含量受抑制。随着铬浓度的增加,叶片中的叶绿素和可溶性蛋白呈下降趋势,丙二醛(MDA)含量呈上升趋势,超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、过氧化物酶(POD)和过氧化氢酶(CAT)活性呈先上升后下降的趋势。铬硒混合处理结果表明硒有减轻茄子铬毒害的作用,不同浓度的铬胁迫下,施加不同浓度的硒缓解效果不同,10,20,40,80 mg/kg的铬处理下,分别施用12,24,48,48 mg/kg的硒缓解效果较好,茄子的株高、根长、生物量均有所增加,叶绿素含量、可溶性蛋白含量显著提高,丙二醛含量和植株体内铬的积累降低。
英文摘要:
      To investigate the alleviation of selenium (Se) on the chromium (Cr) toxicity in eggplant, the effects of different concentration of Se on the growth, physiological characteristics and Cr uptake by eggplant under different Cr stress levels were studied by pot experiments. The results showed that with the treatment of single Cr, the plant growth was significantly inhibited with the increase of Cr concentration. The Cr toxicity showed that the plant height, root length, shoot and dry weight and chlorophyll content were inhibited. With the increase of Cr concentrations, the chlorophyll and soluble protein in leaves showed a downward trend, and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) increased, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) increased first and then decreased. The results of Cr-Se mixed treatment showed that Se could alleviate the Cr toxicity of eggplant. Under different concentrations of Cr stress, Se applied with different concentrations showed different alleviation effects. Studies showed that under the treatment of 10, 20, 40 and 80 mg/kg Cr, the good alleviation effects could be obtained when applied with 12, 24, 48 and 48 mg/kg Se respectively. The plant height, root length and biomass of eggplant increased, chlorophyll and soluble protein contents increased significantly, MDA and Cr accumulation in plant decreased.
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